B2 Spanish Course: Independent usage of language

At level B2 you can understand the main content of complex texts on both concrete and abstract topics. In your own area of expertise, you also understand technical discussions. You can communicate spontaneously and fluently in Spanish so that a normal conversation with native speakers is possible without major problems on either side. You are able to express yourself clearly and in detail on a wide range of topics, to explain an opinion on a current issue and to present the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Our Spanish Courses are structured in 6 main teaching levels, in line with the curriculum plan of the Instituto Cervantes and the CEFR of the Council of Europe: from beginners level A1 up to the highest level C2.

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I. Grammar Contents for Level B2

Nouns
Irregulars in the gener and number of nouns.
Forming nouns.

Nominal syntagms
Agreement of collective nouns.

Adjectives
Approximate adjectives.
Adjectives based on a predictive object.
Appreciative suffixes.
Formation of absolute nouns.
Substantiation by the neutral pronoun lo.
Use of anaphoric sayings, el citado and tal.

Adjectival syntagms
Nominal and phrasal objects. Introduced by prepositions.

Articles
Substantive value of lo.
Alternating of the indefinite / definite values.

Pronouns
Pronouns OD and OI. Combination of pronouns: se lo.
Relative pronouns.
Relative constructions: quienes, aquellos que, todo aquel que…
Uses of se for expressing involuntariness and impersonality.
Use of pronouns for the anaphoric and cataphoric functions.

Possessive pronouns
Opposition of the unstressed and stressed forms.
Combination with other elements.

Demonstratives
Anaphoric linking between clauses.
The cataphoric neutral: esto.

Quantifiers
Partitives: mitad, tercio, doceavo.
Multiplications: doble, triple.
Universals: cada, cualquier, cualquiera.

Prepositions
Prepositional verb regime.
Nominal objects introduced by prepositions.
Por / para.

Adverbs and adverbial expressions
Adverbs and expressions of probability.
Connectors for situating events in time.
Discursive connectors.
Relative adverbs.
Time markers and temporal constructions: justo en ese momento, entonces...
Use of place adverbs and prepositional locutions with and without spatial reference: encima de / encima, fuera de / fuera

Interjections
Interjection expressions with a common use: ¡Cielo santo!, ¡Díos mío!, ¡Ay de mí!

Verbs
Present Indicative Values.
Contrast and combination of past tenses.
Present Subjunctive. Morphology and uses.
Imperfect Subjunctive. Morphology and uses.
Pluperfect Subjunctive. Morphology and uses.
Uses of the Subjunctive times in the indirect style.
Future perfect. Morphology and uses.
Uses of the Future to formulate hypotheses.
Review of Simple Conditional.
Compound Conditional. Morphology and uses.
Review of Imperative.
Uses of ser and estar.
Passive constructions. Use of passive clauses.
Reflective passive.
Verbal periphrasis.
Revision of aspectual and modal verbal periphrases.
Non-personal forms.
Compound infinitive. Morphology and uses.
Gerund: temporal and predictive values.
Participio as a predicative object.
Participio in the passive voice.

Simple clauses
Dubious clauses in the Indicative or Subjunctive introduced by quizás, probablemente
Passive clauses.
Impersonal clauses.

Coordinated clauses
Links with sino and no obstante.
Consecutive: de manera que.
Explanatory: es decir, esto es, o sea…

Subordinate clauses

1. Substantive subordinate clauses
Substantive clauses with the Indicative or Subjunctive.

1.1. Substantive subordinate clauses with the Infinitive
– Prepositional object function.
– DO function
Expression of feelings with the Infinitive.

1.2. Substantive subordinate clauses (with two conjugated verbs)
– DO function
Expression of feelings with the Subjunctive.
Expression of opinion with the Indicative or Subjunctive.
Expression of worth with the Indicative or Subjunctive.
Expression of verification and worth with the Indicative or Subjunctive.

2. Relative clauses
Relative pronouns and adverbs.
Relative clauses with the Indicative or Subjunctive.
The relative clauses with indefinite pronominal antecedent.
Other relatives.
Relative Subjunctive clauses without antecedent.
Correlation of verbal times in relative phrases.

3. Adverbial subordinate clauses

3.1. Temporal clauses
Introduced with cuando + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Introduced with antes / después de + que + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Introduced with mientras + que + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Introduced with hasta + que + Subjunctive..
Introduced with una vez + que + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Introduced with al / nada más + Infinitive.

3.2. Location clauses
Introduced when combined with prepositions de, desde, hasta… in the Indicative and Subjunctive mode.

3.3. Clauses conveying mood
Introduced with como. In the Indicative and Subjunctive mode.
Introduced with según. In the Indicative and Subjunctive mode.

3.4. Causal clauses
Introduced with como, por, porque, debido a que… in the Indicative mode.

3.5. Consecutive clauses
Introduced with tan(to)…que.
Introduced with aunque + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Introduced with a pesar de + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Other linking phrases: tanto si…como si…, and eso que.

3.6. Concessive clauses
Introduced with aunque + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Introduced with a pesar de + Indicative / Subjunctive.
Other linking phrases: tanto si… como si…, y eso que…

3.7. Comparative clauses
Introduced with tan… como, lo mismo que, igual que…
Introduced with no más que, nada más que.
Differences between más que / más de.

3.8. Closing clauses
Introduced with para + que + Subjunctive.
Introduced with a + que + Subjunctive.
Introduced with a fin de + que + Subjunctive.
Introduced with a + Infinitive.
Other linking phrases: a efectos de, con motivo de, con el objeto de + Infinitivo.

3.9. Conditional clauses
Time correlation. Consecutio temporum.
Sí + Pluperfect Subjunctive + Compound Conditional.
Conditional links: siempre que, siempre y cuando, a condición de que…

II. – Functional contents for Level B2

1. Give and ask for information
Identify actions, objects, places and people.
Ask and give information about whether someone knows someone or knows something.
Ask and give information about people’s qualities.
Ask and give information about the qualities of objects.
Describe the movements and situation of people and things.
Relay orders.
Relay information about the past.
Relay requests and warnings.
Refer to promises made in the past.
Narrate and describe.
Talk about the past.
Talk about habitual actions in the past.
Talk about a job: qualities, functions, problems,…
Place different actions in the past.
Locate events in time.
Describe actions, objects, places and people.
Compare actions, objects, places and people.
Describe body posture.
Describe moods.
Make comparisons and differences.
Talk about personality. Talk about character.
Express unfinished / unreal conditions in the past.
Indicate the moment when the action occurs.
Relate different moments in time.
Write a news story.
Remembering a person’s life.
Referring to past events.
Sequence future activities.
Relate different future actions.
Talking about unfinished events in the past and their consequences.
Talk about past experiences.

2. Express opinions, attitudes and knowledge
Express opinions.
Ask for opinions.
Argue.
Express agreement or disagreement.
Present ideas.
Give opinions and assessments.
Evaluate facts and experiences of the past.
Explain the cause and consequence of an action.
Evaluate different options.
Express unlikely hypotheses.
Establish conditions.
Establish requirements.
Talk about social customs
To grieve.
Formulate hypothesis.
Express probability.
Express an obstacle to an action.
Expressing involuntariness.

3. Express tastes, desires and feelings
Express wishes.
Ask for wishes.
Express unlikely or impossible wishes
Express plans.
Ask for plans.
Express purpose.
Express intent.
Ask for intentions.
Talk about previous ideas or expectations.
React by expressing feelings.
Talk about your skills.
Ask about other people’s skills.
Express feelings.
Talk about feelings in the present.
Talk about feelings in the past.
Express interest.
Express boredom.
Express anger and indignation.
Express fear, anxiety, and worry.
Express shame.
Express nervousness.
Express hope.
Express surprise and strangeness.
Express admiration.
Express disappointment.
Express regret.

4. Influence the interlocutor
Give instructions and orders.
Give advice.
Propose an idea.
Correct wrong information.
Formally request something.
Claim the fulfilment of a commitment.
Draw attention to a problem.
Influence the conscience of others.
Reproach someone.
Make a literary use of language.

5. Socialise
Greet someone, introduce yourself, say goodbye (in the appropriate register).
Introduce someone (formal and informal).
Ask to be introduced.
Show appreciation.

6. Structuring the speech
Establish communication.
Highlight or give importance to something.
Introduce the topic.
Allude to topics or contributions from others.
Give the choice to the interlocutor.
Manage speaking turns.
Cohesion of texts.
Giving coherence to a text.
Sequence arguments.
Illustrate with examples.
Reformulate what has been said.

III.- Phonetic and orthographic contents for Level B2

Phonetic
Refinement of accent and possible phonetic errors.
Recognition of pronunciation differences between Spain and Latin America.
Review of the phonemes of the Spanish language and their graphic transcription.
Meaning of silences and pauses.
Recognition of non-native accents (without identifying them).

Orthographic
Review of the general rules of accentuation.
Extensive use of punctuation.
Syllables and their correct separation when writing.
Review of the use of capital letters.
Review of the use of punctuation.
Typographies: use of italics, underlines and bold.
Acronyms and abbreviations.

* Registration fee: 55€

INCLUDES: registration, course book for initial level, additional material, activities, personalised service, internet access and attendance certificate.

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Levels of Spanish courses

A1 Spanish Course
A2 Spanish Course
B1 Spanish Course
B2 Spanish Course
C1 Spanish Course
C2 Spanish Course