B1 Spanish Course: Advanced language usage
At B1 level you can understand main points when they are clearly used in a standard language and when the topics are already familiar from work, school, leisure, etc. You are also able to deal with situations when traveling in Spanish-speaking countries. You can express yourself simply and coherently on familiar topics and personal interests; report on experiences and adventures; Describing dreams, hopes and goals, as well as giving brief reasons and explanations for plans and opinions.
Our Spanish Courses are structured in 6 main teaching levels, in line with the curriculum plan of the Instituto Cervantes and the CEFR of the Council of Europe: from beginners level A1 up to the highest level C2.
I. Grammar contents for level B1
The gender of nouns. Epicene nouns.
The number of nouns. Invariable nouns.
Singularia tantum. Pluralia tantum.
The number of family names/ surnames.
Complement: explanatory appositives and prepositional phrases.
Agreement of SN with the verb.
Adjective modifiers: excesivamente, demasiado…
Review of comparatives and superlatives.
Nouns of adjectives by means of determinant el.
Definite and indefinite articles.
Restrictions due to the presence of modifying determinants.
Absence / presence of subject pronouns.
Pronouns DO. Double presence.
Placement and order with the infinitive and gerund forms.
Review of the pronouns IO with verbs.
Tú / usted.
Relative pronouns que / quien.
¡Qué + adjective!
¡Qué + noun + tan/más + adjective!
Opposite stressed and unstressed forms.
Combined with other elements.
Possibility to combine with other elements.
Todo el mundo / la mayoría de / algunos…
A + the direct object
Por / para.
Adverbs and adverbial phrases
Past and future time markers.
Connectors: de repente, de pronto, (y) entonces…
Ya no / Todavía no.
Probablemente / Seguramente / Posiblemente + Future.
Quizás, tal vez, a lo mejor.
The interjection ¡vaya!
The interjection ¡ojalá!
Revision of the indicative present, paying special attention to the irregularities.
Revision of the present perfect, paying special attention to the irregularities.
Revision of the past simple, paying special attention to the irregularities
Revision of the imperfect, paying special attention to the irregularities
Pto. Pluperfect indicative
Differences between past tenses.
Present subjunctive: regular and irregular.
Revision of the imperative; positive and negative.
Revision of ser and estar
Ser and estar with changes of meaning.
Revision of the future simple
Review of verbal periphrasis.
Conditional modal periphrasis: deberíamos / habría que + Infinitive.
Infinitive: Uses. Subject functions and direct object.
Gerund: verbal and adverbial value.
Participle: predictive value.
Indicative doubts introduced by a lo mejor, quizás, probablemente…
Clauses expressing desire with ¡ojalá!
The linking word sin embargo.
Consecutive phrases with entonces, o sea que, así (es) que.
1. Subordinate substantive clauses
1.1. Subordinate substantive infinitive clauses
– Subject function
Me cuesta / me resulta difícil + Infinitive.
Me da miedo + Infinitive.
(No) es lógico, (no) es difícil, (no) es normal… + Infinitive.
– Function DO
Querer / Esperar + Infinitive.
Te prohíbo + Infinitive.
1.2. Subordinate substantive clauses (with two conjugated verbs)
– Subject function
Me gusta + que + Subjunctive; Me gustaría que + Imperfect subjunctive.
Me cuesta / resulta difícil + que + Subjunctive.
Me da miedo + que + Subjunctive.
Me da vergüenza + que + Subjunctive.
Me encanta(n)/ Me fascina(n) + que + Present subjunctive.
(No) es lógico, (no) es difícil, (no) es normal… + que + Subjunctive.
(No) está claro, (no) es obvio, (no) es cierto.. + que + Ind. / Subjunctive.
Es probable que, tal vez, puede que + Ind. / Subjunctive.
Choosing the Subjunctive or Indicative mood
– DO object
With volitional verbs: Querer + que + Subjunctive.
With thinking verbs: Creo / pienso que + Indicative; No creo / no pienso + que + Subjunctive.
With verbs of influence: Pedir / exigir / recomendar / prohibir que + Indicative.
With verbs: Decir + que + Subjunctive / Indicative; Preguntar + si + Indicative.
Structures for indirect speech.
2. Relative clauses
Relative clause with prepositions
Differences between que / quien.
Uses of Subjunctive and Indicative in relative clauses.
3. Subordinate adverbial clauses
3.1. Time clauses
Introduced by cuando + Indicative / Subjunctive
Introduced by antes / después de + Infinitive.
Introduced by hasta + Infinitive.
Introduced by mientras + Indicative.
3.2. Place clauses
Introduced by donde. In the Indicative and with an antecedent.
3.3. How clauses
Introduced by como. In the Indicative
3.4. Causal clauses
Introduced by como and por. In the Indicative.
3.5. Consecutive clauses
Introduced by o sea que, así (es) que.
3.6. Concessive clauses
Concessive clause. aunque + Indicative/ Subjunctive.
3.7. Comparative clauses
Introduced by igual de… que, más / menos… que.
Differences between más que / más de.
3.8. Final clauses
Introduced by para. In the Indicative.
Differences between para / para que / para qué.
3.9. Conditional clauses
Si + Present + Present.
Si + Presente + Future.
Si + Present + Imperative.
Si + Imperfect subjunctive + Conditional.
II.- Conversation contents for level B1
1. Give and ask for information
Give and ask for personal information.
Give and ask for information about products and objects.
Give and ask for information about reasons and causes.
Give and ask for information about objectives.
Communicate orders, requests and advice.
Give and leave messages by phone.
Refer to what others have said in the past.
Tell and describe.
Identify objects and people.
Describe the characteristics and the functioning of something.
Speak about present habits.
Speak about past habits.
Speak about present circumstances.
Speak about past circumstances.
Speak about future actions and situations.
Speak about the beginning and the duration of an action.
Locate an action in time.
Tell past events.
Locate actions in the past and in the present.
Order actions in sequence.
Tell stories in the present.
Tell stories of past experiences.
Speak about past experiences and evaluate them.
Tell stories of your academic and professional life.
Summarise an argument.
Speak about relationships between people.
2. Express opinions, attitudes and knowledge
Defend a position.
Give excuses and justify them.
Show agreement and disagreement.
Give opinions about objects.
Give opinions about actions and behaviours.
Express understanding and lack of.
Hypothesize and conjecture.
Evoke imaginary situations.
Refer to a piece of news and comment on it.
3. Express likes, desires and feelings
Ask for your wishes.
Express desire to do something.
React to another person’s desire.
Express and defend your skills.
Speak about skills.
Speak about difficulties.
Speak about emotions.
Assess situations and facts.
Express intentions and feelings
Express anger and indignation.
Express fear, anxiety and preoccupation.
4. Influence the interlocutor
Request and give permission.
Recommend and advise.
Ask a favour.
Ask for help.
Ask for objects.
Make a literary use of language.
Greet, introduce yourself and say goodbye.
Introduce yourself to someone (formally and informally).
Ask to be introduced.
Manage on the phone.
6. Structuring the speech
Ask to start a story and react.
Introduce the topic.
Maintain the attention of the interlocutor.
Reformulate what has been said.
Give the floor.
Conclude the story.
III.-Phonetic and orthographic content for level B1.
Union of vowels.
Intonation in wish clauses.
Intonation according to different communicative functions and meanings.
Review of the Spanish language phonemes and their graphic transcription.
Meaning of silence and breaks.
Recognition of non-native accents (without identifying them).
Review of the link between phonemes and letters.
Accents and written accents.
Syllables and their correct separation when writing.
In-depth study of capitalization.
Use of punctuation marks: parentheses, quotation marks, hyphen, dash.
Acronyms and abbreviations.
* Registration fee: 55€
INCLUDES: registration, course book for initial level, additional material, activities, personalised service, internet access and attendance certificate.