El verbo gustar: me gusta, me gustan

Como hemos estudiado en clase el verbo gustar sirve para expresar que algo es agradable o placentero para nosotros.

En español, el verbo gustar tiene una estructura especial. No hay que utilizar el pronombre personal yo, tú, él, usted, nosotros, vosotros y ellos, sino que utilizamos la siguientes estructuras:

Me gusta / Me gustan
Te gusta / Te gustan
Le gusta/ Le gustan
Nos gusta / Nos gustan
Os gusta / Os gustan
Les gusta / Les gustan

Dependiendo de si lo que nos produce placer es singular o plural el verbo gustar se conjuga como gusta o gustan.

Ejemplos:

Me gusta el fútbol.

Te gustan los perros.

Esto es así porque el fútbol y los perros son el sujeto del verbo gustar (el fútbol es placentero para mí; los perros son placenteros para ti).

Fíjate en esta tabla para ver cómo se utiliza:

Me gusta, te gusta, etc…

(A mí) me
(A ti) te el deporte (nombre en singular)
(A él/ella/usted) le gusta jugar al fútbol (verbo)
(A nosotros/nosotras) nos
(A vosotros/vosotras) os
(A ellos/ellas/ustedes) les

Me gustan, te gustan, etc…

(A mí) me
(A ti) te
(A él/ella/usted) le
(A nosotros/nosotras) nos gustan los partidos de baloncesto (nombre en plural)
(A vosotros/vosotras) os
(A ellos/ellas/ustedes) les

Otro verbo que funciona como gustar es el verbo encantar, que usamos cuando algo nos gusta mucho.

Ejemplos:

¿No te encanta la música clásica?

Las tartas de tu madre me encantan.

EJERCICIO

Rellena los huecos con el verbo gustar o encantar:

  • Miguel, ¿ _____  el rock?
    Pues no, no _____  mucho. Nunca escucho esa música.
  • ¿Qué animal  ______ más?
    Sobre todo los gatos, _________.
  • ¿Cuál es la comida preferida de tu padre?
    A mi padre _____ la tortilla de patatas.
  • A mi hermano y a mi _______ la naturaleza.

¿Quieres saber más y practicar?Escuchar la siguiente canción de Manu Chao. ¿Te gusta?

Autor: Inhispania

Inhispania is 100% specialised in the teaching of Spanish as a foreign language. Since opening in 2002, at Inhispania our aim is to create a fun and relaxing environment, where learning Spanish becomes a pleasure rather than a struggle. We work in small-sized groups to ensure a personal and efficient service. We offer intensive and regular courses in general Spanish, crash courses, One to One, preparation for the examinations (DELE, A-levels, etc.).

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