Expresar gustos y preferencias

Expresamos gustos y preferencias

Vamos a ver hoy el verbo gustar, que en español se utiliza para expresar gustos. Fíjate en esta tabla para ver cómo se utiliza:

(A mí) me
(A ti) te el deporte (nombres en singular)
(A él/ella/usted) le gusta hacer deporte (verbos)
(A nosotros/nosotras) nos gustan los partidos de baloncesto (nombres en plural)
(A vosotros/vosotras) os
(A ellos/ellas/ustedes) les

Recuerda:

  • Con sustantivos en singular, el verbo gustar se utiliza en singular.
    Me gusta el chocolate.
  • Con sustantivos en plural, el verbo gustar se utiliza en plural.
    Me gustan los perros.
  • Con infinitivo, el verbo gustar se utiliza en singular.
    Me gusta mucho viajar.

El verbo gustar y el verbo encantar son muy parecidos, por eso se utilizan de la misma manera y con las mismas estructuras. El verbo encantar expresa algo que te gusta muchísimo.

Y a ti… ¿qué te gusta?

Ya sabes expresar las cosas que te gustan, pero… ¿sabes preguntar sobre gustos? Observa los diálogos para que veas cómo funciona el verbo gustar:

  • ¿Te gusta el rock?
    Pues no, no mucho.
  • ¿Qué tipo de música te gusta (más)?
    La música clásica.
  • ¿Qué deporte te gusta (más)?
    El fútbol.
  • ¿Cuál es tu comida favorita/preferida?
    La tortilla de patata.

¡Es muy sencillo!, ¿verdad? Para terminar, mira este sencillo cuadro, te ayudará para saber contrastar gustos, que es muy importante cuando mantengas una conversación:

♥ Me encanta la música electrónica ⊗ No me gusta nada la música electrónica
♥ A mí también ⊗ A mí no ⊗ A mí tampoco ♥ A mí sí
  • ¿Qué sueles hacer un sábado por la tarde?
    A mí me encanta salir a pasear por El Retiro, pero a mi hermano le gusta más ir a ensayar con su banda de rock.
  • ¿Con quién vas a pasear normalmente?
    Con mi mejor amiga. A las dos nos encanta la naturaleza.

Autor: Inhispania

Inhispania is 100% specialised in the teaching of Spanish as a foreign language. Since opening in 2002, at Inhispania our aim is to create a fun and relaxing environment, where learning Spanish becomes a pleasure rather than a struggle. We work in small-sized groups to ensure a personal and efficient service. We offer intensive and regular courses in general Spanish, crash courses, One to One, preparation for the examinations (DELE, A-levels, etc.).

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